Turmeric                                     Curcuma longa                     Common name – Haldi
Turmeric is a short herb. Its underground stems are short and thick and constitute commercial turmeric. It’s commonly used as spice in Asian countries.  
Turmeric contains curcumin and an essential oil. Dry rhizomes yield 5.8 per cent essential oil, while the fresh ones yield 0.24 per cent oil containing zingiberine
Food Value Minerals and Vitamins
Moisture 13.1 % Calcium
Protein 6.3 % Phosphorus
Fat 5.1 % Iron
Minerals 3.5 % Carotene
Fibre 2.6 % Thiamine
Carbohydrates 69.4 % Niacin
Calorific Value – 349
As per ancient literature, turmeric has many beneficial properties. Turmeric is being currently evaluated for its anti-cancer properties as curcumin has been shown to inhibit tumours of the skin and colon when administered in the early stages of carcinogenesis.
  • It has intestinal antiseptic properties. Dry powder of turmeric with butter milk or water is supposed to be helpful for chronic diarrhoea and flatulence.
  • For Worm infestations — a table spoon of juice of turmeric with a pinch of salt in the morning.
  • For Anaemia — a teaspoon of raw turmeric mixed with honey.
  • Bronchial Asthma — A teaspoon of turmeric powder with a glass of milk, twice or thrice daily is very effective.
  • Chronic cough and throat irritation — half teaspoon of turmeric mixed with small amount of milk is beneficial.
  • Sprains — For sprains or the swellings caused by sprains, turmeric paste mixed with lime and salt can be applied.
  • Boils — application of turmeric paste to the boils speeds up the healing process and ripens the boils.
  • Skin diseases like ringworms and scabies – juice of turmeric is applied on the affected part. Turmeric juice mixed with honey should also be taken orally.
  • Turmeric is extensively used as a spice. It imparts flavour and yellow colour to curries.
  • It’s also used as a colouring matter for confectionary, food and pharmacy industries
  • Turmeric is an important ingredient of herbal cosmetics. It is used in face packs and helps improve complexion.
  • Blemishes, Pimples — Paste made of powder of turmeric with equal quantity of white sandal, orange peel, majeeth and rose leaves is helpful.
  • Chronic Pruritus & Urticaria — Powder of equal quantity of turmeric, amla and sugar – to take 1 gram twice a day for a couple of weeks.
  • Turmeric is a household first aid for cuts and bruises.
  • Curcumin – the main active constituent of turmeric has been shown to have a wide range of therapeutic effects. It is known to have anti allergic, carminative, diuretic and anti oxidant properties.
  • Curcumin – is supposed to be a potential cancer fighter. Lab studies show it can suppress the transformation, proliferation, and invasion of cancerous cells for a wide array of cancers.