Lyme disease

Lyme disease
Lyme disease discovered in 1975. Lyme disease is a serious illness caused by pin-sized ticks that live in wooded and grassy areas.
Organism causing this disease is Borrelia burgdorferi
Lyme bacterium needs no iron.
The bacterium that causes Lyme disease has been identified as the first disease-causing germ that does not need to take iron from the blood stream of its host. Other bacteria that cause disease have evolved a strategy to scavenge from the blood of victims the iron that is essential to their survival. Although iron is abundant in humans, the amount of free iron is well below the levels required to support the growth of most bacteria. But Borrelia burgdorferi, which causes Lyme disease, apparently evolved a biological strategy that does not need iron, thus avoiding the problems that other bacteria have in getting iron from the blood stream. In fact, iron is extremely toxic to it.
How does it present ?
Starts with a typical bull’s-eye rash. Then comes fatigue, chills, fevers and joint pain that can persist for weeks. Some people develop serious arthritis. If untreated, Lyme disease also can severely damage the heart and nervous system.
The disease can even present with cardiac and neurological problems like carditis or Cranial nerve palsies, Chronic Lymphocytic Meningitis, Motor or Sensory Rediculitis, Encephalitis or Myelitis.
How Best to Protect
Until now, doctors’ best advice was: Use insecticide containing the chemical DEET. Check yourself and your children regularly for ticks. Wear long sleeves and pants tucked into socks or boots when venturing into tick-prone areas like unmowed grass or bush.
But that last bit of advice is unrealistic. Ticks are most active in the summer when people are stripping down to shorts and bare feet. And it’s not just campers, hikers or utility workers stomping through the bush who are at risk. Many people in Lyme-plagued areas are exposed in their own well-manicured back yards, just sitting in the grass or weeding the garden.
Till recently there was no other preventive measure to secure protection against Lyme disease.
Vaccine for Lyme disease: In December 1998, the Food and Drug Administration approved the world’s first Lyme vaccine, SmithKline Beecham’s LYMErix. Now doctors are advising anyone age 15 to 70 who lives in Lyme-endemic states and spends time outdoors to consider being vaccinated.It requires two shots given about a month apart, and then a third shot a year later. After the three-shot series, LYMErix offers about 80 percent protection from Lyme disease. But after just the first two shots, the vaccine is only about 50 percent protective.
Tick checks recommended in high risk areas.
Don’t panic if you get bitten by a tick without being vaccinated. All ticks don’t carry Lyme, and they have to feed on you for about 48 hours before they can transmit the disease. It takes that long for the Lyme bacteria hibernating in a tick’s gut to activate and move into the salivary glands, where it’s injected into a person. If you do regular tick checks each day and remove them, chances are you won’t be infected. The bite itself is not enough.The vaccine, blocks Lyme by creating antibodies that recognize an outer protein of the bacteria in the tick’s saliva, neutralizing it at skin level.
Treatment: Early cases can be treated with Tetracycline or Erythromycin. Late cases or those with Neurological involvement need treatment with Cephalosporin like Cefotaxime.
 Diseases & Conditions
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About Manbir & Gurpreet

Gurpreet Kaur’s journey in this world .... Gurpreet Kaur was a Musician. She was a singer and a composer of music. Her interest was composing and singing Gurbani Shabads in Indian Classical style. She sang Shabads in All the Raags mentioned in Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji. She also taught Gurmat Sangeet at Gurmat Gian Missionary College, Jawadi, Ludhiana. Elder child to Pushpinder Kaur and Dr. Brig. Harminder Singh, was born in Amritsar on 13th Jan 1962. She attended various convent schools as a child because her father would get frequent Army postings as a dental surgeon. She graduated with Music Honors from Govt. College for Women, Chandigarh. Music was her hobby and she composed and sang Raag based Gurbani Shabads. Doing Kirtan was part of growing up nurtured by her parents. She learned music from her father Dr. Brigadier Harminder Singh who was a dental surgeon in Indian Army and a very good singer himself. Gurpreet’s Bhua (father’s sister), Ajit Kaur retied as a Head of Department of Music from Govt. College for Women Ludhiana, and was a renounced Punjabi singer of her time. Gurpreet Kaur also learned nuances of Indian Classical Music from Pandita Sharma. She was a mother of three children, and a grandmother. Her daughter Keerat Kaur is a Computer Engineer. Her two sons Gurkeerat Singh and Jaskeerat Singh are doctors in USA. Her daughter Keerat Kaur too was part of her group ~ Gurmat Gian Group. Gurpreet Kaur left this world at the age of 54yrs on 12th Sept 2016 in Baltimore USA. She had recorded around 25 cds of Gurbani Keertan. 'Raag Ratan' Album (6 CDs) is a Compilation of Shabads in All the 31 Sudh Raags of Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji. 'Gauri Sagar' Album (3 CDs) is a Compilation of All forms of Raag Gauri in Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji. 'Nanak Ki Malhaar' ~ ((3 CDs) is an album of Raag Malhar Shabads in various forms of Malhar. 'Gur Parsaad Basant Bana' ~ (3 CDs) is an album of Shabads in Raag Basant sung in various forms of Raag Basant. Har Ki Vadeyai Sarni Aayea Sewa Priya Kee Preet Piyaree Mohan Ghar Aavho Karo Jodariya Mo Kao Taar Le Raama Taar Le Tere Kavan Kavan Gun Keh Keh Gawan Mera Baid Guru Govinda Saajanrraa Mera Saajanrraa

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