Genital Warts & HPV

Genital Warts & HPV

Genital warts are caused by Human Papilloma Virus (HPV). They were long considered inconvenient but benign conditions. Most genital warts are caused by HPV types 6 and 11, which are rarely if ever associated with invasive cancers. However, other strains of HPV (High Risk types) e.g., types 16, 18, 31, 33, 35, 39, 45, 52, 55, 56, and 58 are implicated in the development of moderate to severe squamous dysplasia and of overt cancer of the cervix, anus, vulva, vagina, and penis.

Human papillomaviruses (HPVs) selectively infect the epithelium of the skin and mucous membranes. These infections may be asymptomatic (without any problem), produce warts, or be associated with a variety of benign and malignant diseases.

The incubation period of HPV disease is usually 3 to 4 months, with a range of 1 month to 2 years.

  • There are many different types of genital HPV.
  • Only certain types of HPV are linked with cervical cancer. These are usually called “high-risk” types.
  • The types of HPV that cause raised external genital warts are not linked with cancer. These are called “low-risk” types.
  • These wart-types of HPV usually are not usually found on a female’s cervix, and therefore, are not going to carry any risk of cancer.
  • It is common for a person to be exposed and have more than one type of HPV, including several “high-risk” types. Yet, most women do not develop cervical cancer.
  • Cervical cancer usually takes years to develop.
  • Most of the time, men will not have any symptoms or health risks such as cancer with the “high-risk” types of HPV. It is the female’s cervix that needs to be monitored.

 Other types of warts

Common warts (verruca vulgaris) most prevalent among young children.

Plantar warts (verruca plantaris) are also widely prevalent; they occur most often among adolescents and young adults.

Condyloma acuminatum (which manifests as anogenital warts) is one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases.

Common warts usually occur on the hands as flesh-colour  to brown, hyperkeratotic papules. Plantar warts may be quite painful. Flat warts ( verruca plana) are most common among children and occur on the face, neck, chest, and flexor surfaces of the forearms and legs.

Anogenital warts develop on the skin and mucosal surfaces of the external genitalia and perianal areas. In men, warts are found most frequently at the frenum or coronal sulcus but may affect any part of the penis. They occur commonly at the urethral meatus and may extend proximally. Perianal warts are common among homosexual men but develop in heterosexual men as well. In women, warts appear first at the posterior introitus and adjacent labia. They then spread to other parts of the vulva and commonly involve the vagina and cervix. These lesions may be present without external warts.

The anogenital warts may be confused with many other types of diseases like condylomata lata of secondary syphilis, molluscum contagiosum and a variety of benign and malignant mucocutaneous cancers.

Infections involving the Respiratory system in young children may be life-threatening and presents as hoarseness, stridor, or respiratory distress. The disease in adults is usually mild.

The complications of warts include itching and occasionally bleeding. In rare cases warts become secondarily infected with bacteria or fungi. Large masses of warts may cause mechanical problems, such as obstruction of the birth canal. Dysplasias of the uterine cervix are generally asymptomatic until frank carcinoma develops.


Currently available modes of treatment are not completely effective. Many lesions resolve spontaneously. Frequently used therapies include cryosurgery, application of caustic agents, electrodesiccation, surgical excision, and ablation with a laser. Topical antimetabolites such as 5-fluorouracil also have been used. Both failure and recurrence have been well documented with all of these methods of treatment. Cryosurgery is the initial treatment of choice for condyloma acuminatum. Topically applied podophyllum preparations as well as podofilox may also be used. Various interferon preparations have been employed with modest success in the treatment of respiratory papillomatosis and condyloma acuminatum.

Genital Warts

   Typical papilliferous warts (condyloma acuminata) affecting the vulva and vagina.
   Typical papilliferous warts (condyloma acuminata) affecting the cervix.
   Veneral Warts of Penis
   Common Warts

HPV And Oral Cancer

This entry was posted in Diseases & Conditions and tagged , by Manbir & Gurpreet. Bookmark the permalink.

About Manbir & Gurpreet

Gurpreet Kaur’s journey in this world .... Gurpreet Kaur was a Musician. She was a singer and a composer of music. Her interest was composing and singing Gurbani Shabads in Indian Classical style. She sang Shabads in All the Raags mentioned in Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji. She also taught Gurmat Sangeet at Gurmat Gian Missionary College, Jawadi, Ludhiana. Elder child to Pushpinder Kaur and Dr. Brig. Harminder Singh, was born in Amritsar on 13th Jan 1962. She attended various convent schools as a child because her father would get frequent Army postings as a dental surgeon. She graduated with Music Honors from Govt. College for Women, Chandigarh. Music was her hobby and she composed and sang Raag based Gurbani Shabads. Doing Kirtan was part of growing up nurtured by her parents. She learned music from her father Dr. Brigadier Harminder Singh who was a dental surgeon in Indian Army and a very good singer himself. Gurpreet’s Bhua (father’s sister), Ajit Kaur retied as a Head of Department of Music from Govt. College for Women Ludhiana, and was a renounced Punjabi singer of her time. Gurpreet Kaur also learned nuances of Indian Classical Music from Pandita Sharma. She was a mother of three children, and a grandmother. Her daughter Keerat Kaur is a Computer Engineer. Her two sons Gurkeerat Singh and Jaskeerat Singh are doctors in USA. Her daughter Keerat Kaur too was part of her group ~ Gurmat Gian Group. Gurpreet Kaur left this world at the age of 54yrs on 12th Sept 2016 in Baltimore USA. She had recorded around 25 cds of Gurbani Keertan. 'Raag Ratan' Album (6 CDs) is a Compilation of Shabads in All the 31 Sudh Raags of Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji. 'Gauri Sagar' Album (3 CDs) is a Compilation of All forms of Raag Gauri in Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji. 'Nanak Ki Malhaar' ~ ((3 CDs) is an album of Raag Malhar Shabads in various forms of Malhar. 'Gur Parsaad Basant Bana' ~ (3 CDs) is an album of Shabads in Raag Basant sung in various forms of Raag Basant. Har Ki Vadeyai Sarni Aayea Sewa Priya Kee Preet Piyaree Mohan Ghar Aavho Karo Jodariya Mo Kao Taar Le Raama Taar Le Tere Kavan Kavan Gun Keh Keh Gawan Mera Baid Guru Govinda Saajanrraa Mera Saajanrraa

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