Natural Methods of Contraception

Natural Methods of Contraception
There are few Natural ways to prevent pregnancy:

  • Coitus Interruptus ( Withdrawal method )
  • Rhythm Method
  • Basal Body Temperature method
  • Cervical Mucus method
  • ELISA Test 

Coitus Interruptus (withdrawal method)

This is an old practice of taking out the erected penis from vagina just before the ejaculation. The benefits involved are that it is safe, simple, without any cost and a widely accepted method. But the disadvantages with this are that it depends on the decision of the male partner. It also hampers sexual pleasure and if routinely practiced may cause neurosis in the couple. As regards the effectiveness – the pregnancy rate is 35 per 100 women year. Failure in this method is due to leaking of sperm into vagina just before the ejaculation. This method mainly depends on the exact time of withdrawal before ejaculation which may be difficult to achieve by many of the couples. Even if the couple succeeds on many occasions it may fail any single occasion. 

Rhythm Method

This method is based on an observation that the ovulation in females takes place 2 weeks before menses. Thus we can calculate a ‘Safe Period’ during which we can expect to avoid pregnancy without taking additional measures during intercourse. Now as we know that the menses cycles in women may not be on precise day every month, the calculation of the safe period is done on the basis of duration of 12 previous cycles. First note down the shortest and the longest cycles during the last 12 cycles.
The first fertile day will be minus 18 days from shortest cycle.
The last fertile day would be minus 11 days from the longest cycle.

For example : – if the short cycle is 25 days the first fertile day would be ( 25-18 ) – 7th day
if the longest cycle is 32 days, the last fertile day would be ( 32-11 ) – 21st day.
Thus there should be abstinence for 2 weeks from 7th to 21st day.

This method is based upon observation of Ogino, in 1930 in Japan and Knaus, in 1933 in Austria. One should keep in mind that this method of contraception is somewhat crude.

Basal Body Temperature Method

This method involves detecting the time of ovulation by observing temperature shift of 0.05 ° C at lutealphase following ovulation. The female has to observe abstinence during first half of menses cycle till 3 days of elevated temperature at 0.05 ° C.

Interpreting and maintaining temperature chat may require lot of care and thus failure chance is very high.

Cervical Mucus Method

This method depends on the observation of changes in the consistency and the volume of cervical mucus in relation to the ovulation. On feeling the cervical mucus in the vagina by fingers the dry days and the wet days are recognized by the women. The wet days are the fertile days.

The number of wet days are about 10 days in 28 day cycle.

Wet days start with sticky white mucus for 2-3 days following 2-3 days dry days after menses.

Sticky white mucus days is followed by clear slippery profuse mucus for 3-5 days (this slippery mucus is capable of being stretched between two fingers).

The last day is called the peak day. Following peak day there is sticky mucus for 3 days. This is the end of fertile period.

Many women are unable to observe these symptoms and thus the Pregnancy failure rate is as high as 22 per 100 women year.  

ELISA Test (Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assays)

This test uses two monoclonal antibodies to detect colour change. In this test urine is tested using this kit daily from 12th day of cycle for 5-9 days. The colour change is detected due to LH surge prior to ovulation. The women can thus find out the day of ovulation.  

Contraception


 

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This entry was posted in Diseases & Conditions and tagged by Manbir & Gurpreet. Bookmark the permalink.

About Manbir & Gurpreet

Gurpreet Kaur’s journey in this world .... Gurpreet Kaur was a Musician. She was a singer and a composer of music. Her interest was composing and singing Gurbani Shabads in Indian Classical style. She sang Shabads in All the Raags mentioned in Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji. She also taught Gurmat Sangeet at Gurmat Gian Missionary College, Jawadi, Ludhiana. Elder child to Pushpinder Kaur and Dr. Brig. Harminder Singh, was born in Amritsar on 13th Jan 1962. She attended various convent schools as a child because her father would get frequent Army postings as a dental surgeon. She graduated with Music Honors from Govt. College for Women, Chandigarh. Music was her hobby and she composed and sang Raag based Gurbani Shabads. Doing Kirtan was part of growing up nurtured by her parents. She learned music from her father Dr. Brigadier Harminder Singh who was a dental surgeon in Indian Army and a very good singer himself. Gurpreet’s Bhua (father’s sister), Ajit Kaur retied as a Head of Department of Music from Govt. College for Women Ludhiana, and was a renounced Punjabi singer of her time. Gurpreet Kaur also learned nuances of Indian Classical Music from Pandita Sharma. She was a mother of three children, and a grandmother. Her daughter Keerat Kaur is a Computer Engineer. Her two sons Gurkeerat Singh and Jaskeerat Singh are doctors in USA. Her daughter Keerat Kaur too was part of her group ~ Gurmat Gian Group. Gurpreet Kaur left this world at the age of 54yrs on 12th Sept 2016 in Baltimore USA. She had recorded around 25 cds of Gurbani Keertan. 'Raag Ratan' Album (6 CDs) is a Compilation of Shabads in All the 31 Sudh Raags of Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji. 'Gauri Sagar' Album (3 CDs) is a Compilation of All forms of Raag Gauri in Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji. 'Nanak Ki Malhaar' ~ ((3 CDs) is an album of Raag Malhar Shabads in various forms of Malhar. 'Gur Parsaad Basant Bana' ~ (3 CDs) is an album of Shabads in Raag Basant sung in various forms of Raag Basant. Har Ki Vadeyai Sarni Aayea Sewa Priya Kee Preet Piyaree Mohan Ghar Aavho Karo Jodariya Mo Kao Taar Le Raama Taar Le Tere Kavan Kavan Gun Keh Keh Gawan Mera Baid Guru Govinda Saajanrraa Mera Saajanrraa

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