Rabies Transmission by Oral and Other Non-bite Routes

Rabies Transmission by Oral and Other Non-bite Routes

Rabies transmission by oral route is a queer mode of infection. Reports of oral transmission are infrequent and hence need elaborate discussion. Evidences of such transmission have been well documented in men. Transmission of rabies virus to humans by ingestion of milk from a rabid mother has been reported. A woman in early stage of rabies transmitted the disease to her nursing baby.

Transplacental transmission is another unique mode of spread of this disease. Transplacental transmission was observed in an infant born of a Turkish woman who died of rabies following dog bite. Authentic reports of airborne infection are available. In 1956 an entomologist who frequently visited bat infested caves in USA for research studies developed laboratory proven rabies after aerosol inhalation. Out of two instances of rabies transmitted to laboratory workers by aerosol inhalation, one recovered after intensive therapy but the other died.

Rabies virus has been isolated from several body fluids like saliva, tracheal and nasal secretions, tear, CSF, urinary sediment, etc, from laboratory proved case of human rabies. None the less rabies transmission from human patients to healthy contacts is extremely rare.One important mode of non-bite transmission from man to man is by corneal transplantation from unrecognised infected donor. Several cases have been observed since the first case was reported in 1979. Public health importance of oral and other non-bite routes of infection is worth considering. Consumption of infected milk from a rabid cow is not uncommon because consumers become aware of disease in an animal only after using milk for several days. However, reported instances of rabies among cow milk consumers are rare because boiling of milk is a common practice in endemic countries, which is adequate to destroy the virus. None the less under certain circumstances such as wrestlers in the Northern India and for worship purpose in Eastern States only raw milk is used when comsumers are exposed to the risk of infection. In such a situation rabies prophylaxis is mandatory.

Under no circumstances should a cornea be transplanted from a donor, who died of an undiagnosed neurological disorder. Medical, nursing personnels, laboratory workers, and other attendants should use gowns, gloves, goggles for personal protection. In the event of unavoidable exposure immunisation against rabies must not be omitted.

Rabies Vaccination

Rabies Transmission by Oral and Other Non-bite Routes

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About Manbir & Gurpreet

Gurpreet Kaur’s journey in this world .... Gurpreet Kaur was a Musician. She was a singer and a composer of music. Her interest was composing and singing Gurbani Shabads in Indian Classical style. She sang Shabads in All the Raags mentioned in Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji. She also taught Gurmat Sangeet at Gurmat Gian Missionary College, Jawadi, Ludhiana. Elder child to Pushpinder Kaur and Dr. Brig. Harminder Singh, was born in Amritsar on 13th Jan 1962. She attended various convent schools as a child because her father would get frequent Army postings as a dental surgeon. She graduated with Music Honors from Govt. College for Women, Chandigarh. Music was her hobby and she composed and sang Raag based Gurbani Shabads. Doing Kirtan was part of growing up nurtured by her parents. She learned music from her father Dr. Brigadier Harminder Singh who was a dental surgeon in Indian Army and a very good singer himself. Gurpreet’s Bhua (father’s sister), Ajit Kaur retied as a Head of Department of Music from Govt. College for Women Ludhiana, and was a renounced Punjabi singer of her time. Gurpreet Kaur also learned nuances of Indian Classical Music from Pandita Sharma. She was a mother of three children, and a grandmother. Her daughter Keerat Kaur is a Computer Engineer. Her two sons Gurkeerat Singh and Jaskeerat Singh are doctors in USA. Her daughter Keerat Kaur too was part of her group ~ Gurmat Gian Group. Gurpreet Kaur left this world at the age of 54yrs on 12th Sept 2016 in Baltimore USA. She had recorded around 25 cds of Gurbani Keertan. 'Raag Ratan' Album (6 CDs) is a Compilation of Shabads in All the 31 Sudh Raags of Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji. 'Gauri Sagar' Album (3 CDs) is a Compilation of All forms of Raag Gauri in Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji. 'Nanak Ki Malhaar' ~ ((3 CDs) is an album of Raag Malhar Shabads in various forms of Malhar. 'Gur Parsaad Basant Bana' ~ (3 CDs) is an album of Shabads in Raag Basant sung in various forms of Raag Basant. Har Ki Vadeyai Sarni Aayea Sewa Priya Kee Preet Piyaree Mohan Ghar Aavho Karo Jodariya Mo Kao Taar Le Raama Taar Le Tere Kavan Kavan Gun Keh Keh Gawan Mera Baid Guru Govinda Saajanrraa Mera Saajanrraa

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