Osteoporosis – Risk Factors

Osteoporosis – Risk Factors
The following conditions predispose to loss of bone and increased susceptibility to osteoporosis and consequent fractures.

  • Women with early menopause (40-45 years)
  • Younger women with ovarian hormone failure Or bilateral oophorectomy ( removal of Ovaries ) before normal menopause.
  • Women not receiving hormonal therapy for at least 5 years after menopause.
  • Patients after prolonged corticoid treatment of more than 3 months.
  • Primary hyperparathyroidism.
  • Strong family history of osteoporosis.
  • Men with hypogonadism.
  • Patients who have received chemotherapy, especially for breast cancers and haematological cancers.
  • Certain drugs enhance bone loss and render the patient susceptible to development of osteoporosis (e.g. corticoids, anti-convulsants, excessive doses of thyroid hormone, prolonged heparin therapy and anti-cancer drugs including high doses of methotrexate.
  • Low Calcium in diet.
  • Insufficient exposure to sunlight or not enough Vitamin D in diet.
  • White or Eurasian ancestry.
  • Caffeine (consistently more than three cups a day of coffee, tea, cola).
  • Alcohol (consistently more than two drinks a day).
  • Sedentary life style or prolonged bed rest.
 Conditions associated with Osteoporosis



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