Premenstrual Syndrome

Premenstrual Syndrome
Premenstrual Syndrome consists of variety of symptoms that occur during a particular phase of menstrual cycle, usually 7-10 days before the periods begin.
These symptoms mostly begin in 20s.
10 to 50 % of women suffer from PMS regularly.
5-10 % suffers from symptoms severe enough to seek medical help.
Women most often affected by PMS are those:

  • Who have experienced major hormonal changes as during child birth, tubal ligation, miscarriage, abortion.
  • Women who have discontinued birth control pills may experience PMS until their hormonal level returns to normal.

PMS is rarely debilitating.

Symptoms Of PMS occur 7-10 days before periods are due. More intense symptoms in a small number of women
  • Bloating and fluid retention.
  • Breast swelling and pain.
  • Acne, cold sores.
  • Weight gain of up to five pounds (from retention of fluids).
  • Headaches, backaches, and joint or muscle aches.
  • Moodiness, anxiety, depression or irritability.
  • Food cravings, especially for sugary or salty foods.
  • Insomnia.
  • Drowsiness and fatigue, or Rarely extra energy.
  • Hot flashes or nausea.
  • Constipation, diarrhea or urinary disorders.
  • Outbreak of Herpes.
  • Fits of crying.
  • Panic attacks.
  • Suicidal thoughts.
  • Aggressive or violent behavior.


Numerous theories are proposed to explain the symptoms of Premenstrual Syndrome.

  • Many believe Hormonal Imbalance is the main cause. But the exact nature of imbalance has yet not been proved.
  • Some say it is due to over production of hormone Oestrogen.
  • Some find deficiency of particular hormone as the cause – oestrogen, progesterone, testosterone, prolactin.
  • Monthly fluctuations in brain chemicals such as neurotransmitters, endorphins and monoamines may be the cause.
  • Lack of B6 and essential fatty acids.
  • Magnesium Deficiency.
  • Genetic – identical twins are more likely to share PMS symptoms than are fraternal twins.


  • Dietary changes help in reducing some of the symptoms of PMS. Reducing intake of Sugar, Caffeine, Salt, White floor, dairy products can be of some help. Small frequent meals are also helpful.
  • Eat Low Fat diet.
  • Avoit Salt, Sugar and Dairy products.
  • Abstain from Alcohol.
  • Take warm baths as your periods approach and try to relax mind and body.
  • Vitamin B6   50-100 mg daily.
  • Magnesium 250 mg daily.
  • Calcium
  • Primrose Oil 500 mg cap.( contains essential oils ).

Various relaxation techniques, such as yoga and meditation, can be helpful in reducing the anxiety, irritability and other emotional symptoms that sometimes occur premenstrually. The Cobra and Bow yoga positions are particularly recommended for PMS.

Hormonal agents, anti-anxiety and antidepressants may be needed in some.

Calcium most helpful in Premenstrual syndromeOf all the dietary supplements that claim to help women reduce the physical and emotional symptoms associated with premenstrual syndrome (PMS), there is only one that is really helpful – calcium.

Researchers say there is convincing evidence that 1,000-1,200 milligrams/day of calcium can substantially reduce PMS symptoms such as fatigue, irritability and abdominal bloating.

Magnesium supplements of 200-400 mg/day may be helpful, but their efficacy hasn’t been proven and higher dosages can trigger a mild laxative effect. Other supplements, including vitamin B6, have conflicting results in past studies, according to a report in the Journal of the American College of Nutrition.

Other remedies supposed to benefit PMS are chaste tree oil and dong quai. These herbs may be unsafe for women who become pregnant. No scientific evidence has proved their effectiveness.

So, if one is looking for something to help with PMS, calcium tablets are the best bet. Cutting down on fat in your diet also helps.

Pregnant Women ~ need to know

This entry was posted in Diseases & Conditions and tagged by Manbir & Gurpreet. Bookmark the permalink.

About Manbir & Gurpreet

Gurpreet Kaur’s journey in this world .... Gurpreet Kaur was a Musician. She was a singer and a composer of music. Her interest was composing and singing Gurbani Shabads in Indian Classical style. She sang Shabads in All the Raags mentioned in Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji. She also taught Gurmat Sangeet at Gurmat Gian Missionary College, Jawadi, Ludhiana. Elder child to Pushpinder Kaur and Dr. Brig. Harminder Singh, was born in Amritsar on 13th Jan 1962. She attended various convent schools as a child because her father would get frequent Army postings as a dental surgeon. She graduated with Music Honors from Govt. College for Women, Chandigarh. Music was her hobby and she composed and sang Raag based Gurbani Shabads. Doing Kirtan was part of growing up nurtured by her parents. She learned music from her father Dr. Brigadier Harminder Singh who was a dental surgeon in Indian Army and a very good singer himself. Gurpreet’s Bhua (father’s sister), Ajit Kaur retied as a Head of Department of Music from Govt. College for Women Ludhiana, and was a renounced Punjabi singer of her time. Gurpreet Kaur also learned nuances of Indian Classical Music from Pandita Sharma. She was a mother of three children, and a grandmother. Her daughter Keerat Kaur is a Computer Engineer. Her two sons Gurkeerat Singh and Jaskeerat Singh are doctors in USA. Her daughter Keerat Kaur too was part of her group ~ Gurmat Gian Group. Gurpreet Kaur left this world at the age of 54yrs on 12th Sept 2016 in Baltimore USA. She had recorded around 25 cds of Gurbani Keertan. 'Raag Ratan' Album (6 CDs) is a Compilation of Shabads in All the 31 Sudh Raags of Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji. 'Gauri Sagar' Album (3 CDs) is a Compilation of All forms of Raag Gauri in Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji. 'Nanak Ki Malhaar' ~ ((3 CDs) is an album of Raag Malhar Shabads in various forms of Malhar. 'Gur Parsaad Basant Bana' ~ (3 CDs) is an album of Shabads in Raag Basant sung in various forms of Raag Basant. Har Ki Vadeyai Sarni Aayea Sewa Priya Kee Preet Piyaree Mohan Ghar Aavho Karo Jodariya Mo Kao Taar Le Raama Taar Le Tere Kavan Kavan Gun Keh Keh Gawan Mera Baid Guru Govinda Saajanrraa Mera Saajanrraa

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