E. Coli

E. Coli                            Escherichia Coli
E. coli was discovered by German pediatrician and bacteriologist Theodor Escherich in 1885.
It is a Gram-negative, rod shaped bacterium that is commonly found in the lower intestine of warm blooded organisms. These are typically rod-shaped, and are about 2.0 micrometres (μm) long and 0.5 μm in diameter.  
Most E. coli strains are harmless, but some serotypes can cause serious food poisoning in humans. The harmless strains are part of the normal flora of the gut, and can benefit their hosts by producing vitamin K2, and by preventing the establishment of pathogenic bacteria within the intestine.The Cells of E.Coli are able to survive outside the body for a limited amount of time, and this is a reason for its use as a test or an indicator organisms to test environmental samples for fecal contamination.
E. coli normally colonizes an infant’s gastrointestinal tract within 40 hours of birth, arriving with food or water or with the individuals handling the child.
E.Coli is an important anaerobe of human gastrointestinal tract. Anaerobes are organisms that can grow in either the presence or absence of oxygen.Fecal-oral transmission is the major route through which pathogenic strains of the bacterium cause disease in humans.
Food poisoning caused by E. coli can result from eating unwashed vegetables or undercooked meat.
 E.Coli Strain O157:H7 –  is associated with serious and life-threatening complications such as hemolytic-uremic syndrome.This strain is associated with the 2006 United States E. coli outbreak due to fresh spinach.
Certain strains of E. coli produce potentially lethal toxins.Virulent strains of E. coli can cause:

  • Gastroenteritis
  • Urinary tract infections
  • Neonatal meningitis.

In rare cases:

  • Haemolytic-uremic syndrome
  • Peritonitis
  • Mastitis
  • Septicaemia
  • Gram-negative pneumonia
If E. coli bacteria escape the intestinal tract through a perforation, for example from an ulcer, a ruptured appendix, or due to a surgical error, and enter the abdomen, may cause serious peritonitis.Urinary Tract Infection (UTI):  E. coli is responsible for approximately 90% of urinary tract infections (UTI) seen in individuals with normal urinary tract anatomy. E.Coli also causes ascending infections. Fecal bacteria colonize the urethra and spread up the urinary tract to the bladder as well as to the kidneys causing pyelonephritis. It may also cause infection of the prostate in males. Because women have a shorter urethra than men, they are 14 times more likely to suffer from an ascending UTI.Neonatal meningitis: A type of strain of E.coli which may be present in mother’s vagina gets colonized in the newborn’s intestines, lead to bacteraemia, which leads to meningitis.
Few precautions that may help to prevent infection:

  • Wash your hands carefully with soap before you start cooking and before eating.
  • Cook meat products properly. Do not eat raw meat.
  • Keep raw meat and poultry separate from other foods.
  • Don’t drink raw milk.
  • Keep food refrigerated or frozen.
  • People with diarrhoea should wash their hands carefully and often, using hot water and soap, and washing for at least 30 seconds.
  • People who work in day care centres and homes for the elderly should wash their hands often, too.
  • In restaurants, always order hamburgers that are cooked well.
  • Vegetables that are eaten raw should be thoroughly washed.
  • Peeling off outer layer of fruits and vegetables before eating would prevent infection.
Diseases & Conditions 
Organic food linked to E. coli outbreak
This entry was posted in Diseases & Conditions by Manbir & Gurpreet. Bookmark the permalink.

About Manbir & Gurpreet

Gurpreet Kaur’s journey in this world .... Gurpreet Kaur was a Musician. She was a singer and a composer of music. Her interest was composing and singing Gurbani Shabads in Indian Classical style. She sang Shabads in All the Raags mentioned in Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji. She also taught Gurmat Sangeet at Gurmat Gian Missionary College, Jawadi, Ludhiana. Elder child to Pushpinder Kaur and Dr. Brig. Harminder Singh, was born in Amritsar on 13th Jan 1962. She attended various convent schools as a child because her father would get frequent Army postings as a dental surgeon. She graduated with Music Honors from Govt. College for Women, Chandigarh. Music was her hobby and she composed and sang Raag based Gurbani Shabads. Doing Kirtan was part of growing up nurtured by her parents. She learned music from her father Dr. Brigadier Harminder Singh who was a dental surgeon in Indian Army and a very good singer himself. Gurpreet’s Bhua (father’s sister), Ajit Kaur retied as a Head of Department of Music from Govt. College for Women Ludhiana, and was a renounced Punjabi singer of her time. Gurpreet Kaur also learned nuances of Indian Classical Music from Pandita Sharma. She was a mother of three children, and a grandmother. Her daughter Keerat Kaur is a Computer Engineer. Her two sons Gurkeerat Singh and Jaskeerat Singh are doctors in USA. Her daughter Keerat Kaur too was part of her group ~ Gurmat Gian Group. Gurpreet Kaur left this world at the age of 54yrs on 12th Sept 2016 in Baltimore USA. She had recorded around 25 cds of Gurbani Keertan. 'Raag Ratan' Album (6 CDs) is a Compilation of Shabads in All the 31 Sudh Raags of Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji. 'Gauri Sagar' Album (3 CDs) is a Compilation of All forms of Raag Gauri in Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji. 'Nanak Ki Malhaar' ~ ((3 CDs) is an album of Raag Malhar Shabads in various forms of Malhar. 'Gur Parsaad Basant Bana' ~ (3 CDs) is an album of Shabads in Raag Basant sung in various forms of Raag Basant. Har Ki Vadeyai Sarni Aayea Sewa Priya Kee Preet Piyaree Mohan Ghar Aavho Karo Jodariya Mo Kao Taar Le Raama Taar Le Tere Kavan Kavan Gun Keh Keh Gawan Mera Baid Guru Govinda Saajanrraa Mera Saajanrraa

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