|Obesity & its associated Risks|
It was always known to us that obesity has associated health related risks. The risks result primarily from increased risks for cardiovascular disease, high blood pressure, diabetes mellitus, and, possibly, some types of cancer.
Increased risk of sudden death, Cardiac Arrhythmias, increased risk of atherosclerosis, abnormal lipid profile with decreased levels of HDL, and increased levels of low density lipoproteins. Prevalence of hypertension is also increased.
Type 2 diabetes mellitus [non-insulin- dependent diabetes mellitus] has direct relation with abnormal weight of an individual. Diabetes is almost nonexistent in individuals with a BMI below 22.
Obese men – higher incidence of cancer of prostate, colon and rectum.
24% of all cancers are linked to obesity
Gall Bladder Disease
Gall Bladder disease with formation of cholesterol stones also increases with obesity.
Sleep apnoea occurs with excessive obesity.
Ostheoarthritis and gout is associated with obesity.
Acanthosis nigricans, manifested by darkening of the skinfolds on the neck, elbows, and dorsal interphalangeal spaces. Fungal and other skin infections in the skin folds.
Insulin resistance leading to hyperinsulinemia is a uniform feature and is directly related to the degree of obesity. Testosterone levels may be reduced in extreme obesity in men. Obesity leads to an earlier onset of menarche, and greater frequency of irregular and anovulatory cycles, and to earlier menopause.