The banana is of great nutritional value. It has a rare combination of energy value, tissue building elements, protein, vitamins and minerals. It is a good source of calories being richer in solids and lower in water content than any other fresh fruit. A large banana supplies more than 100 calories. It contains a large amount of easily digestible sugar, making it a good source of quick energy and an excellent means of recovery from fatigue.
Food Value Minerals and Vitamins
Moisture 70.1% Calcium 85 mg
Protein 1.2% Phosphorus 50 mg
Fat 0.3% Iron 0.6 mg
Minerals 0.8% Vitamin CSmall amounts of Vitamin B Complex 8 mg
Fiber 0.4%
Carbohydrates 7.2%
Calorific Value 116
*Values per 100 gms edible portion

  • The banana constitutes almost a complete balanced diet in combination with milk.
  • Banana is known for promoting healthy digestion.
  • The banana is used as a dietary food against intestinal disorders because of its soft texture and blandness. It is the only raw fruit which can be eaten without distress in chronic ulcer cases. It neutralizes the over-acidity of the gastric juices and reduces the irritation of the ulcer by coating the lining of the stomach.
  • Bananas are of great value both in constipation and diarrhoea as they normalize colon functions in the large intestine to absorb large amounts of water for proper bowel moments. Their usefulness in constipation is due to their richness in pectin, which is water-absorbent and this gives them a bulk producing ability. They also possess the ability to change the bacteria in the intestines from the harmful type of bacilli to the beneficial acidophyllus bacilli.
  • Bananas are useful in the treatment of arthritis and gout.
  • Being high in iron content, bananas are beneficial in the treatment of anaemia. They stimulate the production of haemoglobin in the blood.
  • A diet consisting of bananas and skimmed milk is considered an effective remedy for weight reduction. In prescribed course of diet treatment, the daily diet is restricted to six bananas and four glasses of skimmed milk or buttermilk made from skimmed milk for a period of 10 to 15 days. Thereafter green vegetables may be introduced gradually, reducing the intake of bananas from six to four. This regimen or prescribed course of diet treatment can be continued till the desired results are achieved. Bananas are suitable for overweight people as they contain practically no sodium.
  • Cooked banana flower eaten with curd is considered an effective medicine for menstrual disorders like painful menstruation and excessive bleeding.
Taking Banana regularly may be a preventive measure for stroke.In a study it was found that People whose potassium intake is low are 1.5 times more prone to have a stroke than those with high intake of potassium. Low intake of potassium means taking less than 2.4 gm of potassium in a day and high intake is more than 4.0 gm per day.
Banana in diet – prevention from Stroke